Cross Compiling Go Is Easy
I have found myself spending ever increasing amounts of time developing in Go (golang). Not because I need to, but because it’s a refreshing change from my usual. One thing I was interested in however was simply getting my code to work almost anywhere which is harder with Go seeing as it needs a platform to target.
Initially I installed Go manually following the instructions on their website. I then started to see an abbreviation cropping up in places that caught my attention. GVM (Go Version Manager). It is essentially the rbenv to ruby.
I won’t put the installation instructions here. Don’t be lazy just click through and have a read it is dead simple. My favourite feature of GVM wasn’t the ease of installation as frankly Go is easy to install without it but the fact it rolled up all I needed to cross compile my code without me having to do any looking up. I just hacked together a bash script that would do the job for me.
First off set-up GVM and then install a version of Go. Then we can install the software required to compile for the various platforms. To do this I wrote the following:
for GOOS in linux darwin windows do for GOARCH in amd64 386 do gvm cross $GOOS $GOARCH done done
Once that is complete you should now be able to create a helper script to do the actual compilation. Feel free to customise to your needs.
#!/bin/bash APPNAME=example for GOOS in linux darwin windows do for GOARCH in amd64 386 do GO_ENABLED=0 GOOS=$GOOS GOARCH=$GOARCH go build -o "bin/$APPNAME$GOOS-$GOARCH" "$APPNAME.go" done done
Make the script executable and now you should have a very crude way of cross compiling your go projects.
Remember this isn’t meant to be a one size fits all. It got me up and running quickly. There is almost certainly going to be a more comprehensive way of doing this but I didn’t need it. All I needed were these few lines of bash and GVM.